Briefer prepared by the National Economic Development Authority, October 21, 2010
A. Based on the Third Quarter 2010 Social Weather Survey, the proportion of families experiencing involuntary hunger declined to 15.9 percent in September 2010 compared to 21.1 percent in June 2010 and 17.5 percent in September 2009. Some indicators for third quarter 2010 that show the same trends or may have contributed to this easing of hunger are as follows:
1. Data from the July 2010 Labor Force Survey
Source: National Statistics Office
a. Compared to July 2009, employment level, or the number of people who are employed, in July 2010 grew moderately by 2.2 percent to reach 36.3 million from 35.5 million.
b. Net employment creation was higher in July 2010, reaching 777,000 compared to 414,000 in April 2010, although lower than the 915,000 net employment created in July 2009. Note that the Comprehensive Livelihood and Emergency Employment Program (CLEEP) started implementation in May 2009, with CLEEP in most government agencies running until December 2009.
c. In the agriculture sector where majority of the poor are, net employment generation reached 376,00 in July 2010, a rebound from a net employment loss of 803,000 in April 2010 and net employment loss of 162,000 in July 2009. Employment losses in agriculture were recorded due to typhoons in 2009 and continuing El Nino in first half of 2010.
d. In terms of unemployment rate, this improved to 6.9 percent in July 2010 compared to 8.0 percent in April 2010 and 7.6 percent in July 2009.
2. Minimum wage
Source: National Wages and Productivity Commission, DOLE
Report as of 7 October 2010
Seven regions out of the 17 regions in the country issued wage orders granting increases in minimum wage as follows:
a. National Capital Region (NCR) – Increased minimum wage by P22.00 on May 31, 2010, effective on July 01, 2010;
b. Western Visayas (Region 6) – Increased minimum wage by P15.00 July 19, 2010, effective on August 12, 2010
c. Central Visayas (Region 7) – Increased minimum wage by P18.00 on August 12, 2010, effective September 1, 2010.
d. Zamboanga Peninsula (Region 9) – Increased minimum wage by P15.00 and integrated the P15.00 COLA to basic pay on August 16, 2010, effective September 9, 2010.
e. Northern Mindanao (Region 10) – The wage order issued on July 23, 2010 integrated the P12.00 COLA to basic pay effective August 22, 2010 and increased minimum wage by P13.00 effective October 1, 2010.
f. Davao Region (Region 11) – Increased minimum wage by P21.00 on July 23, 2010, effective September 1, 2010.
g. Caraga (Region 13) – Increased minimum wage by P10.00 and integrated the P10.00 COLA to basic pay on July 28, 2010, effective August 25, 2010.
3. Wage Goods
Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, Department of Agriculture
Wage goods generally declined in the third quarter of 2010 compared to the previous quarter. Prices declined for rice, pork, dressed chicken, bangus, tilapia, and corngrain. [See resource.]
B. In terms of programs, the continuing implementation of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) may have also contributed to ease hunger despite the termination of the programs Food-for- School Program and the Tindahan Natin.