Emilia Boncodin

BSAIII action plan on peace and development in Mindanao

Aquino-Roxas Mindanao Peace and Development Agenda

Action Plan on Peace and Development in Mindanao

Peace and Security

Transparent and consultative peace process

Workable peace is possible only if supported by a broad, active and informed peace constituency.

  • I will assume direct responsibility for the revival of the peace process with the MILF.
  • I will reconstitute the peace panel with men and women of integrity who will directly report to me. There was a time when the peace process was doing well until the Arroyo Government began to use the peace negotiation as prop to political survival. I will see counsel from peace advocates like former OPAPP Secretary Deles, Peace Panel Head Afable and former Notre Dame University President, Fr. Mercado to put back on track the credibility needed in the peace process.
  • I will ensure the participation of various Mindanao stakeholders – Muslims, Lumad, Christian settlers – in the negotiating panels and working groups;
  • I will create a niche for the participation of other Muslim “gatekeepers” particularly traditional and LGU leaders, MNLF, the Ulama, Bangsamoro civil society.
  • Request the Bishops-Ulama Conference to submit a report on the results of the consultations it conducted in the aftermath of the failed MOA-AD; likewise with all known civil society organizations and academic institutions which undertook similar consultations or researches in the past year, such as the University Network on the Mindanao Question led by the UP School of Law, the Consortium of Bangsamoro Civil Society, the Philippine Council for Islam and Democracy, and the Al Mujadilah Foundation.

The results of all these processes should be collated, with key points of agreement and contention identified for inputting into the peace mechanism, as appropriate. On this basis, a mechanism should be devised for these groups to participate in the continuing dialogue on and monitoring of their recommendations.


  • I will immediately convene the Oversight Committee on the Organic Act on Muslim Mindanao (RA 9054) and complete a review and assessment of the implementation of the law. I will issue an Executive Order reviving/extending the function of the Oversight Committee, which was last convened before 2004 and which never completed its task, and impose a deadline for the completion of its work.
  • I will order the Department of Foreign Affairs, with the Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP), to give a report on the tripartite review of the GRP-MNLF Final Peace Agreement and cull the “immediate doable” measures that government can undertake.
  • I will order an inventory of the backlog on assistance to MNLF rebel returnees, as the basis for determining the requirements and timetable for addressing the gap and closing the existing program, while a new program is crafted in cooperation with concerned LGUs and approximating the international standards on DDR (Disarmament, Demobilization and Rehabilitation) of former combatants.

Indigenous People

  • We will review the recent appointment of the Commission to ensure they are in accordance with the law and rationalize the NCIP plantilla to professionalize the bureaucracy to do its mandate under the law, including the delineation of ancestral domains (AD) and support the development of the Natural Resource Management Plan (NRMP).
  • I will work with IP communities and all land and resource-management related agencies for a thorough review of all Certificates of Ancestral Domain Titles (CADTs), Certificate of Ancestral Land Titles (CALTs), and Certificates of Free Prior and Informed Consent (CFPICs) issued towards weeding out those issued defectively, fast-tracking decisions on all pending applications, and providing support for development and implementation of the ADRMP for areas covered by CADTs.
  • I will ensure basic education, health, and sanitation facilities and services for IP communities.
  • I will look into the immediate situation of security of IP communities in areas of ongoing armed conflict.

Internally Displaced Families

Families displaced by conflict will receive full support to be able to return to their communities of origin, if they so desire.

  • I will put up a compensatory fund which will provide shelter, food and livelihood assistance to enable the estimated 30,000 internally displaced families to return to their homes.

Lawless and Criminal Elements

I will dismantle private armies and take a firm hand against all forms of lawlessness

  • I will ensure the prosecution of all identified perpetrators of the Ampatuan massacre. I am aware that the families of the victims and witnesses of the crime are vulnerable to harassment as well as bribes to weaken the case. I will ensure that families of the victims and witnesses of the crime will receive adequate protection and support as they work for justice.
  • The Maguindanao massacre was not just a local Maguindanao problem. It was abetted by the national government with government policies and resources. DND should submit immediately the result of its investigation and inventory of the arms and ammunition confiscated from the Ampatuans and identify civilian and military leaders responsible for the build up of arsenal of the Ampatuans.
  • I will revoke EO546. Never again will public funds be used to support and maintain a private security force.
  • KFR incidents are national security concerns. I will commit full budgetary support to PACER in establishing and implementing an anti-kidnapping strategy in Mindanao; provide full support for the filing of charges against suspected perpetrators, including full protection for released victims and their families.
  • Under my watch, I will ensure that all security forces will be insulated from partisan politics. I will implement the Defense Reform Program started by former DND Secretary Nonong Cruz which aimed to build a professional AFP. A professional AFP along with a professional PNP committed solely to defend the constitution and uphold the law is the key to the dismantling of private armies and implementing the gun control. All forms of excuses for self-protection can be abandoned only when citizens trust state security forces.
  • We will aim to improve the ratio of security forces to our growing population.
  • All appointments in the AFP and PNP will be based on merit and performance.
  • Forces on the ground will be provided with adequate provisions, equipment and training to be able to discharge their duties effectively.


Performance Incentives

Setting National Policy: Performance- and outcome-driven over-investments in education, health, and employment interventions.

  • I will match every peso invested by 4th and 5th class LGUs in basic education, maternal and child health care and potable water and latrines.
  • Moreover, I will provide additional support to performing LGU’s so they can fast track filling the gaps in attaining targets for their education, health and sanitation programs. In education I will support LGU efforts to attain 100% basic education enrolment, lowering dropout rates and increasing completion rates.

Transparent and proper use of public funds

I will ensure that all fund releases to all LGUs will be transparent and its utilization fully accounted for.

  • I will support DBM’s effort started by former Secretary Emilia Boncodin in regularly publishing and disseminating all releases to the LGUs.
  • I commend COA for their fearless reports which exposed politically sensitive cases such as the Jocjoc Bolante fertilizer scam. I will ensure adequate support to state auditors for proper and accurate audit reports. And their reports will not end in filing cabinets. The OP will take the necessary action on irregularities in the COA reports.

Free and honest elections

I will ensure free, honest and orderly elections.

  • I will release the Mayuga Report to make public the findings on the role of the military in the controversial 2004 elections.
  • On the next ARMM election in 2011, I will install measures that will hold paramount the will of the people of ARMM. The military and the police will remain strictly politically neutral. They will ensure that the election is clean, orderly and peaceful.



To transform Mindanao into modern agricultural center and the nation’s food basket.

I will address infrastructure gap in farm to market roads, irrigation and post harvest facilities.

Corollary to this, to substantially reduce post-harvest losses, post-harvest facilities will be provided to Mindanao corn, coconut and rice farmers while processing facilities will be made available to coastal fishers and aquaculturists.

Additional irrigated farms will raise cropping intensity and hence productivity contributing in the process to the attainment of the goal of self-sufficiency for specific commodities and bolstering export-competitiveness for others.

  • During my term, I will improve its total road network by bringing its current paved road ratio closer to the national average. This will lower transport costs and post-harvest losses.
  • Corn driers will be priority of DA under my watch. Every 1,000 hectares of corn land will be serviced by at least 1 corn drier.
  • Irrigation coverage will be expanded. Mindanao has about 700,000 hectares of farms that need irrigation. We will expand irrigation facilities to service half of the area by the end of my term, subject to sound cost-benefit analysis.

Public Investment

In areas of Mindanao where private investors are hesitant to invest due to high risk and uncertainty, my administration will establish state enterprises that will partner with potential private investors or extend guarantees to them to spread the risks. The purpose is to generate investments in these areas as a way of jump-starting economic activities and providing employment opportunities so direly needed in these communities. This will be the government’s direct assault on breaking the vicious cycle of lack of jobs, resulting to greater poverty, in turn partly fuelling the conflict, leading to lack of investments and lack of jobs.

  • Among my priority will be government investment in the development of the Halal Industry. This, first and foremost, will answer the essential need of Filipino Muslims for access to food and non-food products that is consistent with their faith. This will also enable local producers, Muslims and non-Muslims, to partake of the multi-billion dollar world halal market.
  • I will encourage investments in our energy sector to tap more diverse sources of power and lower the cost of energy in the long term. In the short term, I will support moves to mitigate the effects of the power crisis such as:
    • Leasing power barges
    • Contracting additional generating capacity through cooperatives and private utilities
    • Allowing the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines to use ancillary services such as the contracting of back-up generating capacity
    • Promoting demand side management

[Archived from the official campaign web site of President Benigno S. “Noynoy” Aquino III]

‘She lived simply, didn’t have a fancy car’

Pro Pinoy would like to express our deepest condolences to the family of Dr. Boncodin.

‘She lived simply, didn’t have a fancy car’
By TJ Burgonio, Julie M. Aurelio, Doris Dumlao
Philippine Daily Inquirer

MANILA, Philippines—She spent most of her life in government but she never craved money or power, lived simply and left public service untouched by any whiff of scandal.

At 2:05 p.m. Monday, former Budget Secretary Emilia T. Boncodin passed away due to cardiac arrest at a Quezon City hospital after her body rejected a kidney donated by her sister. She was 55.

Boncodin died after repeated attempts to revive her failed, according to a medical bulletin issued by Dr. Enrique Ona, executive director of the National Kidney and Transplant Institute (NKTI).

“We tried to resuscitate her for more than two hours, but unfortunately this had to happen,” Ona told reporters.

The medical bulletin said: “She was admitted on March 10 for difficulty of breathing and anemia and was diagnosed to be at End Stage Renal Disease after her kidney transplant done on Feb. 3, 2005 went into chronic rejection and [the kidney] completely failed to function.”

Boncodin and nine other Cabinet and high government officials—later called the “Hyatt 10”—quit the administration on July 8, 2005, over the “Hello Garci” scandal and called for the resignation of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

The resignations sparked the most dangerous political crisis to confront Ms Arroyo and brought her administration to the precipice.

No fancy stuff for her

Throughout her decades-long stint in government, most of it in the Department of Budget and Management, Boncodin was known for her integrity and for the “integrity of her work,” colleagues said.

“She entered government at the age of 18. She knew the numbers like the back of her hand. She would remain honest. The decades that she served her country were untarnished by scandal or dishonesty,” former presidential adviser on the peace process Teresita “Ging” Deles said by phone.

As a member of the Arroyo Cabinet, a car was made available for her use but Boncodin chose to live in a place nearer Malacañang, rather than go home every day to the family residence in Novaliches, Quezon City, according to Deles.

“She didn’t have a fancy car. And she and her small family lived simply in a house that they built,” Deles said.

“She didn’t like any fancy stuff. She lived within her means. I don’t know anybody else who reached the rank of Cabinet secretary who lived as simply as she did.”

For love of country

Boncodin, who taught at the University of the Philippines National College of Public Administration and Governance (NCPAG), lived with her mother, who owns a store on the UP campus, and a sister in a small subdivision in Novaliches, according to Deles.

‘It was never about prestige, about compensation. She loved her work. She did it in the service of the country,” she added.

Boncodin was present when the “Hyatt 10” last year marked the fourth anniversary of their resignation from the Cabinet by hearing Mass near Malacañang. The group issued a statement warning of what they saw as Ms Arroyo’s attempt to perpetuate herself in power.

The others who marked that anniversary were Deles, former Cabinet officials Florencio Abad, Imelda Nicolas, Cesar Purisima, Corazon Soliman and Rene Villa.

After the Mass, they tried marching from the church to Malacañang to deliver their statement to Ms Arroyo, but decided against it after they were stopped at the guards’ post. They left copies with the presidential guards.

Love and passion

After leaving government, some of the resigned Cabinet officials, including Boncodin, founded the NGO International Center on Innovation, Transformation and Excellence in Governance. They also joined the group, called Former Senior Government Officials, which issues commentaries on government policies and programs.

In the past few months, Boncodin had been working on a project designed to build the capacity of civil society “to monitor” the budget, while continuing to teach at NCPAG, according to Deles.

“She was deep in work in governance. And she continued to teach, which was her love and passion,” said Deles, who met with Boncodin two weeks ago to talk about the project deadlines.

She was known as a hardworking technocrat with expertise in public finance, budgeting, financial management, public administration, civil service and economic development.

Ona was one of three doctors who attended to Boncodin in her last moments. The others were Doctors Zenaida Antonio and Michael Jaro.

One effect of the kidney rejection was the inability of the body to flush out toxic products.

A perfect match

Boncodin underwent a kidney transplant taking a kidney from her younger sister, Adelina, on Feb. 3, 2005.

Ona said Boncodin suffered from polycystic kidney, which meant that her kidneys had congenital cysts, leading to their malfunction.

“It is unfortunate that this had to happen. After her term as budget secretary, she took on several consultancy jobs that led her to as far as Afghanistan. On several occasions, she would run out of medicines that would prevent the rejection of the donated kidney,” Ona said.

The medication, called immunosuppressive medicine, would have helped the body accept the donated kidney.

The NKTI executive director said Boncodin and her sister-donor were “a perfect match.”

Last moments

Ona said doctors had been preparing Boncodin for dialysis when she suddenly went into cardiac arrest.

“When she was admitted four days ago, she was already weak and became anemic. We also gave her several units of blood because of her anemia,” he said.

Ona said regular dialysis was one of the options to treat Boncodin, the other being another kidney transplant.

“Only three days ago and Monday, I discussed with her the option of another transplant, either from a non-related donor or a deceased donor,” he said.

Ona described Boncodin as “hopeful” whenever he talked to her. He said Boncodin’s sister and mother Cristeta were with her in her last moments.

The family’s spokesperson, Nieves Osorio, said Boncodin’s remains were to be brought to the Della Strada Parish Church in Quezon City for the wake that was to begin Monday night.

Osorio said the family would announce the details of the interment after consultations among its members.

In lieu of flowers, the Boncodin family requested that donations be made to a bank account to be announced later, Osorio said.

Last talk

Osorio described Boncodin—who was from Iriga City, Camarines Sur, and who never married “because she was engrossed with her work”—as her friend of more than 30 years.

The last time they talked was on Thursday, she said.

“We talked about the things we would do… like she firmly believed in improving public financial management as a member of the private sector,” Osorio said.

She said she was scheduled to see Boncodin Monday afternoon but was told by the doctors that she had died.

Boncodin obtained her business degree from UP and her master’s degree in Public Administration, as an Edward S. Mason Fellow, from the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, in 1986.

Malacañang mourned Boncodin’s death.

Deputy presidential spokesperson Gary Olivar said Ms Arroyo would pay her last respects to Boncodin “once details of the wake are made known.” With a report from Christine O. Avendaño